Projects of Al-Rawabi
Taba agricultural project newly allocated Alrawabi Development Co. Ltd. in the state of the Nile River, with an area of 226,000 acres, bordered by the Northern state, Khartoum state and the State of North Kurdufan.
The project’s location is characterised by its closeness to the main cities on the course of the Nile, also its closeness to the port of Port Sudan, the only available seaport. And Ports of the old Halfa, the only available river port, and a conduit for electric transmission lines to water dams. The company implementing the project (Alrawabi Development Co. Ltd.) has adopted implementation at different and successive stages, according to a logical sequence and it will employ all local and international resources and provide all required qualifications to achieve the objectives of the project.
Also, a discretionary period of time has been set to complete most components of the infrastructure and many various development activities (Agricultural, industrial and logistical), and each component is considered an investment unit, each one studying the technical feasibility, economic, social and environmental independence. And shall be flexible keeping pace with modernization and development. It is expected that the total value of the project would be more than 500 million Euros.
Alrawabi Development Co. Ltd. has also invited many local and inner nation companies that specialize in different areas for the implementation of this project and the resettlement of modern technologies. The project also includes new visions in the production and use of sources for the production of clean energy, such as biomass and direct electricity; to the project economic rewards that enhance the rates of production and productivity by strengthening the export of horticultural, crops and animals. And strengthen the food industry and reduce the importing of products.
And enhance production rates in support of nutritional security; improve the value of the national currency and the empowerment of settling international green economic system. As for the social side, the project intends to secure employment opportunities for national cadres and curb unemployment, it is also intends to improve the standard of living and fights against poverty and the promotion of rural communities and promotes and builds human capacity.
The environmental impact is considered one of the important aspects set by the project at the heart of its concerns, which includes maintaining the sustainability of agricultural resources (water and soil), and the protection of agricultural resources from pollution and organic food production to protect consumers from carcinogens and localization of the eco-tourism system and the use of clean energy sources.
This project is the embodiment of the initiative of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud to provide nutritional security for the Arab region, this initiative that was adopted by His Excellency Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir -may God protect him, and prepared all the means and ways to achieve it on the land of Sudan, which God has given abundant natural resources.
Also, his wise government has prepared regulations and laws that support investors in his land, and also this project applies the values and principles of Alrawabi Development Co. Ltd., these values and ideals, God willing, will lead to achieve a high rate of desired success of the Taba agricultural project.
Where it contributes in establishing close relationships with the local community and the environment surrounding the project, the company gives great attention and importance to the interactions that occur in such projects between development and preservation of the environment.
Site Selection Rationale:
The site allocated for the project is unique because:
It is located on the largest groundwater basin, the Nubian sandstone aquifer, where its renewable water’s depth does not exceed 500 - 600 feet and an average production (150 - 250) cubic meters per hour, the water quality is suitable for irrigation and drinking. It is also close to essential infrastructures. (Electricity, railways, and asphalt roads).
The project’s soil is soft, doesn’t have a coherent build, and flat, making it easier for agricultural operations. It can also be cultivated with organic improvements.
Climatic conditions provide an opportunity to the diversity of plant and animal production, as well as the diversity of food processing and recycling of agricultural waste, to achieve environmental sustainability of agricultural.
All these ingredients make up the attractive fundamental pillars of the largest agro-industrial complex integrated system accompanied by tourism and agricultural as a relative additional advantage to the project, especially since the state is also rich in cultural and tourism.
Informational needs of the project:
1. Update primary maps on a scale of 1:10.000 to locate areas suitable for agriculture without any constraints, such as: Hydrogeological maps, contour maps (topographic maps), and land use maps.
2. Preparation of master plans for the project’s implementation, whether agricultural, industrial or other services.
The time period for the infrastructures:
It is expected that the project would need not less than 10 years for most of the components to be completed. Including infrastructure and many of the various development activities (agricultural, industrial or other services).
Each component is considered a unique investment unit, where each one has its own feasibility, technical, economical, social and environmental study and shall be flexible to keep pace with modernization and development.
Also with financial estimates of not less than 500 million Euros during that phase of the project, where it is to be confirmed after preliminary feasibility studies.
Steps to achieve the program:
This program stems from a desire to support the development and prosperity of the economy. These objectives can be achieved by transferring; developing and localizing advanced technologies, including agricultural techniques.
It is achieved through several steps:
1. Transfer, develop and localize competitive agricultural techniques that are environmentally friendly and directed towards serving sustainable development and the achievement of a nutritional security.
2. Development of human knowledge in urgent agricultural issues, as well as technical ways to reduce and solve its impact.
3. Find a competitive infrastructure for research and development in the field of agricultural technology.
4. Create an ambitious environment to manufacture competitive agricultural technologies that are competitive in the global markets.
5. Direct applications of modern technology and research to support primary agricultural production.
The production and use of biofuels, as well as providing an important option for the global energy, are linked to many issues, such as nutritional security, land use and rural development, conservation of biodiversity, and climate change mitigation.
Biofuel, if used excessively, and properly managed can help in providing cleaner energy, at the same time where it contributes to the achievement of sustainable development and mitigation of environmental concerns.
A number of agricultural industries, such as sugar mills, are converting bagasse into electricity and heat for industrial purposes, where if has become self-sufficient in energy.
Others in these industries are producing ethanol and are working on the electricity supply network. Also, the ability of bio-energy for agro-industries that are made of bananas, rice, wheat, sorghum, cassava, and many other crops is considered enormous.
Moreover, the technologies for industrial production of fuels from biomass and their applications in fuel cells bring attention to the use of energy crops as rotating crops in high-density agriculture, with the use of starches and other forms of carbohydrates as a base for the production of biodiesel instead of manufacturing easier processes based on sugars.
The Taba agricultural project includes a new vision in production and its sources:
Clean energy such as Biomass
Direct use of sun rays
Wind energy (wind turbines)
The use of undeveloped waste energy and establishing energy plantations and crops may help in the treatment of other existing environmental concerns. Energy crop plantations (especially perennial crops) can help preventing soil erosion by providing a cover that reduces the impact of rain and transport residues. Annual energy crops, can also help in the diversification and expansion of the crops.
Also, deforested, degraded or marginal lands could be rehabilitated as farms for the production of bio-energy, which could combat desertification and increase food production.
And with the increase in the use of biomass in the production of energy, its waste will have an economic value.